Sugar Addiction (part 1)
While it is well known that drugs and alcohol are addictive, there is more acceptance that certain foods, particularly sugar, can be addictive in some people. Studies show that sugar produces a similar brain response as drugs and alcohol by directly releasing dopamine, a neurotransmitter in the brain associated with the reward center. This can cause loss of control leading to overeating.
So both food and drugs are mood altering substances. The brain signals the “user” to seek more substance to experience another “high” which continues to reinforce the pleasurable experience and repeated behavior.
Some people are not aware of how sugar plays a role in their eating habits. To show the parallel between drugs and sugar, look at the DSM-IV-R criteria for substance dependence (3 or more of the following in the past 12 months). Think about how they may also apply to certain foods as well.
- Using more, or for a longer period than intended.
- Persistent desire but unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control use.
- A great deal of time is spent to obtain or use the substance, or recover from its effects.
- Important social or work activities are given up because of substance use.
- Substance use is continued despite knowledge that it is causing problems.
Have you found that over time you need to eat more sugar more frequently or in greater amounts in an attempt to feel better?
Do you have any physical symptoms (fatigue, irritability, a headache, feeling a bit shaky) when the sugar wears off? Do you ever eat more sugar to relieve these symptoms?
Does your sugar consumption turn into a binge with difficulty stopping?
Have you tried to eat less sugar without success?
Do you spend a lot of time thinking about ways to get more sugar (driving to the store, planning what you will eat that evening)? Are your work or activities interrupted because you are eating sugar? Is your concentration or performance effected after eating sugar?
Examples might be considering food your best friend, eating in the car, staying home to eat alone, leaving the room to sneak food)
Do you continue to eat sugar even though you know it is causing weight gain? Do you eat sugar to the point of feeling sick? Do you feel depressed or very guilty after eating large amounts of sugar?
Now that you’ve taken a personal inventory of the effect of sugar in your life, stay tuned for ways to avoid sugar. Limiting sugar can help compulsive eating, and may have been the missing piece to your weight loss success.